Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Institute

Board Certified Orthopedic Surgeons located in Henderson, NV

Bunions develop over time, forming a deformity in your foot that can cause pain and affect mobility. At Orthopedic Foot & Ankle in Henderson, Nevada, Dr. Blake Savage, is a board-eligible surgeon providing conservative and surgical treatment options call for an appointment or book your visit online today.

What are bunions?

Bunions are bony bumps that develop on the joint at the base of your big toe. They can be mistaken for calluses or corns, but the difference is that bunions change the structure of your foot. 

They develop when the bones in front of your foot shift out of place, causing your big toe to move inward toward your other toes. As that occurs, the base of your big toe’s joint starts to stick out, resulting in a bunion.

What causes bunions?

Some feet are prone to developing bunions more than others based on their shape. 

Women develop bunions more than men, possibly from wearing improper footwear like tight-fitting, high-heeled, or pointy shoes. You are also at a higher risk for developing bunions if you have rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the symptoms of bunions?

Common symptoms of bunion development include:

  • Noticeable bump on the side of your big toe at the joint
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Pain
  • Difficulty moving your big toe

Bunions can also cause corns or calluses. Your bent big toe tends to rub against your other toes, and your bunion rubs against your shoes. 

It might be difficult to find shoes that fit your feet without aggravating the affected area if you have bunions. 

How are bunions treated?

Treatment for bunions depends on the severity of your condition. In many cases, your bunions affect your big toe and your small toes, as well. 

Be prepared to answer Dr. Savage’s questions about your symptoms during your consultation. He typically recommends the conservative route first, which includes:

  • Physical therapy
  • Custom orthotics
  • Padding
  • Taping, splinting, or strapping
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

If your bunions don’t respond to conservative therapies, then bunion surgery might be your answer. Dr. Savage can use minimally invasive procedures to realign your big toe joint with your other toes, remove damaged tissue, and repair your connective tissues. 

Bunion procedures are typically performed on an outpatient basis. You should be able to get back to your daily routine within a few weeks.

If you have bunions, call Orthopedic Foot & Ankle for an evaluation or book your appointment online today.